RARE, ANTIQUE PRINT OF COSTUMES, ARMOR, and CROWNS
This 88 year old print is from the book "MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, HISTORIC, RARE and UNIQUE" by A.J. Hipkins. They were drawn by William Gibb and published by A. & C. Black of London in 1923.
The process of chromolithography is chemical, because an image is applied to a stone or zinc plate with a grease-based crayon. (Limestone and zinc are two commonly-used materials in the production of chromolithographs.) After the image is drawn onto stone, the stone is gummed with gum arabic solution and weak nitric acid, and then inked with oil-based paints and passed through a printing press along with a sheet of paper to transfer the image to the paper. Colors may be added to the print by drawing the area to receive the color on a different stone, and printing the new color onto the paper. Each color in the image must be separately drawn onto a new stone or plate and applied to the paper one at a time. It was not unusual for twenty to twenty-five stones to be used on a single image. Each sheet of paper will therefore pass through the printing press as many times as there are colors in the final print. In order that each color is placed in the right position in each print, each stone or plate must be precisely ‘registered,’ or lined up, on the paper using a system of register marks.
This FINE STIPPLE CHROMOLITHOGRAPH print has an image that is about 8 1/2" x 5 1/2" on a leaf or page that is 8 1/2" x 11 1/2". It is in very good condition. It is suitable for framing and would be an excellent gift for a print collector or musician.
The print that is being auctioned is of "QUITERNA & MANDOLIN XXIII".