LUTHER'S BIBLE - WOODCUT ENGRAVING
This 450 year old woodcut engraving was rescued from Martin Luther's (1483-1546) "PALENTINE or WITTENGERG BIBLE (Biblishe Figuren)" published in Frankfurt by Sigmund Feyerabend in 1561.
The Engraver was Virgil Solis (1514-1562) of Nuremberg. He was freinds with Martin Luther and shared with him the desire to produce a more generously illustrated bible. He was a prolific engraver having completed almost 2,500 engravings during his life. Most of his engravings are signed VS in text. The even more famous engraver, Jost Amman, was an assistant of Solis. According to Schmidt (p236) "With the Virgil Solis illustrated Bible, begins a new Epoch of Bible illustrations. Virgil Solis died in 1562 of the plague.
The print is in good condition, with minimal, usual age toning. The image is about 4 1/2" x 3" (not counting border) on a page that is 6 1/4 " x 4 3/4 ". It was part of a bible leaf that was 13 3/4" x 8 3/4". It is quite tightly cropped but not into the image with no loss. It is suitable for framing and would be an excellent gift.
This print is from an era of famous bibles. The "Geneva Bible" was published in 1560 and in 1558 Queen Elizabeth ascended to the throne of England and established the Anglican Church. The same Virgil Solis woodcuts were used later in the English "Bishop's Bible" of 1568.
The style of Luther's 1561 Bible is German Mannerism with Renaissance-style border with fruit, foliage, insects and animals in architectural scrolls. It is printed on hand-made, laid paper with varying thickness. It has text on back in Gothic German.
This print is rare. Luther's bible sells for up to $9,000 on the Internet. Individual similar engravings sell for up to $450. Other Solis woodcuts sell for up to $1,300.
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The WOODCUT engraving that is being
offered for sale features:
"RAYNAS HELPING SPY ESCAPE FROM WINDOW"
Hill fait paraître General Natural History (deux volumes, 1748 - 1752 ), Useful Family Herbal ( 1754 ), British Herbal ( 1756 - 1757 ), Eden, or Compleat Body of Gardening ( 1757 ), Exotic Botany ( 1759 , deuxième édition 1772 ), Hortus Keweensis ( 1768 ), Flora Britanica ( 1760 ), Herbarium Britannicum ( 1769 - 1770 ), Virtues of British Herbs ( 1770 ), Decade of Curious and Elegand Trees and Plants ( 1773 ), Twenty-five New Plants, rais'd in the Royal Garden of Kew ( 1773 ). Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin (1727-1817) lui dédie en 1760 le genre Hillia de la famille des Rubiaceae . Hill issued General Natural History (two volumes, 1748 - 1752 ), Useful Family Herbal ( 1754 ), Herbal British ( 1756 - 1757 ), Eden, Gold Compleat Body of Gardening ( 1757 ) Exotic Botany ( 1759 , second edition 1772 ) , Hortus Keweensis ( 1768 ), Flora Britannica ( 1760 ), Britannicum Herbarium ( 1769 - 1770 ), Virtues of British Herbs ( 1770 ), Decade of Curious and Elegand Trees and Plants ( 1773 ), Twenty-Five New Plants, rais'd in the Royal Garden of Kew ( 1773 ). Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin (1727-1817) dedicated to him in 1760 the kind Hillier of the family of Rubiaceae .
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